First Energy Case Study

In the food industry the processes include the methods and techniques to transform raw ingredients into food. Food processing necessitates clean, harvested components and uses them to produce marketable food products. The major equipments which require steam are pasteurizers, bottle washers, vessel sterilizers, space cleaning equipment, syrup preparation etc.

In the food industry the challenges faced of  hygiene, energy efficiency, waste minimization, cleaning stops (number of hours between cleaning stops) can easily be removed by using proper steam solutions.

Most of the food industries are using wood fired / briquette fired boilers which use polluting fuels like wood / coal / briquette as fuel. The steam requirement of these industries ranges between 400-800 Kg/ Hr. These boilers have higher maintenance expenses and need boiler proficient operators.

Oorja biomass pellet fired boilers are a perfect alternative to meet the steam requirement of this industry. At comparable steam costs, Oorja offers Non IBR, non polluting boilers that provide cost effective steam with features like compact space, automated feeding and ash removal.

References: Independent 16-Apr-1993, [1993] 2 Lloyds Rep 194
Coram: Steyn LJ
Ratio: A manager, though he lacked actual authority to authorise and offer a particular loan facility to the plaintiff, still did so by sending him a letter of offer which was accepted.
Held: Albeit the manager lacked actual authority to make the loan and that no other person in the bank had held him out as having such authority, by reason of his very position he was a person who would ordinarily have authority to communicate the decision of more senior members of the bank who were authorised to make and/or approve such a loan and the plaintiff was accordingly entitled to rely upon the offer he had received. Steyn LJ said that a ‘theme that runs through our law of contract is that the reasonable expectations of honest men must be protected. It is not a rule or a principle of law. It is the objective which has been and still is the principal moulding force of our law of contract. It affords no licence to a Judge to depart from binding precedent. On the other hand, if the prima facie solution to a problem runs counter to the reasonable expectations of honest men, this criterion sometimes requires a rigorous re-examination of the problem to ascertain whether the law does indeed compel demonstrable unfairness’.
This case is cited by:

  • Cited – Sun Life Assurance Company of Canada (A Company Established Pursuant To the Laws of Canada) v CX Reinsurance Company Limited (Formerly CNA Reinsurance Company Ltd) CA (Bailii, [2003] EWCA Civ 283)
    The claimant appealed a refusal to order that a dispute between insurer and re-insurer be referred to arbitration. One party sought to avoid liability under the policy, alleging misrepresentation. Discussions had been undertaking settling a revised . .
  • Cited – Jordan Grand Prix Limited v Vodafone Group Plc ComC ([2003] EWHC 1956 (Comm), Bailii, [2003] 2 Lloyds Rep. 874)
    The claimant asserted that the defendant had agreed in the course of a telephone conversation, to provide sponsorship, and sought to enforce that agreement. There were considerable conflicts of evidence.
    Held: Evidence given on behalf of the . .
  • Cited – Golden Ocean Group Ltd v Salgaocar Mining Industries Pvt Ltd and Another ComC (Bailii, [2011] EWHC 56 (Comm), [2011] 2 All ER (Comm) 95, [2011] 1 CLC 125, [2011] CILL 3022, [2011] 1 WLR 2575)
    The defendants sought to set aside orders allowing the claimants to serve proceedings alleging repudiation of a charterparty in turn allowing a claim against the defendants under a guarantee. The defendant said the guarantee was unenforceable under . .

(This list may be incomplete)

Last Update: 27-Aug-16
Ref: 80555

Tags: Agency, Contract

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