I would like to share my IELTS story. I have done it 5 times in total (the 1st for university enrollment, the 2nd because of the 1st result expired, the 3rd for 6s, the 4th and 5th for 7s), but for different purposes. At this moment, I am waiting for the 5th time IELTS’ result, and I really hope it could be my final IELTS, which I believe those who have taken it multi-times but still have not gotten their desired bands would feel the same.
IELTS, to sum it up, is a nightmare for the majority of candidates. Though the desired bands vary on different candidate, but still, most of them suffer. In my opinion, only those native speakers or who have truly excellent English capacity across all the listening, reading, speaking and writing 4 sections plus with proper preparation which at least including knowing the format and the marking criteria of IELTS and a few times of mock tests, would achieve the desired bands in one or two attempts. From my observation, the most formidable tasks for candidates are of two types: 1, All 7 or above for takers whose English is not his first language. 2, All 8 or above for takers who are native speakers.
If you are a candidate who needs IELTS result to enroll in an university. Then, congrats, you do not have to taste the bitterness of IELTS that much. Because: 1, The universities mainly look at your overall band, which can be lifted up by one or two high bands in either listening section or reading section, needless to say that listening and reading are the easiest sections for the majority. 2, The universities have language programs which allow you to make mistakes in IELTS, meaning if you failed to achieve your desired band, you just need to spend some money and some time in the language program to cash feed the universities to get the enrolment invitation.
Nightmare starts for native speakers who need 8s to migrate to Australia. Well, IELTS doesn’t exist in the USA’s immigration process, does it? Canada seems to be lenient in IELTS requirement, 6.5s maybe? That’s an easy task for both native speakers and who have decent English ability and determined to migrate to Canada, just take IELTS a few more times if they could not make it in the first time. Same can be applied to New Zealand I think. And I am not quite sure the policies in the UK, maybe 7.5s for certain occupations? Anyway, those are easier, achievable tasks. But Australia’s IELTS 8s 20 points reward for the immigration point test system is like a pie in the sky, which is so tempting however seems beyond reach. The native speakers who need 8s to boost their points, are mostly, from the UK or Ireland. Their stories, unlike the international students’, are simple: they have lived in their countries for quite a while but they feel like a change. They are around 40 years old, thus their age point is deteriorating by time, and highly possible they didn’t study in Australia for 2 years to claim the 5 points. So comparing to the younger international students, they need the 8s to make up 60 points to submit the application. Here comes the problem, 8s. What is the definition of 8s in IELTS? I think it is beyond imagination for candidates whose first language is not English, because they need to somehow have a big leap in all the 4 sections plus immense luck to achieve it. Immense luck means they should happen to be at their 100% or beyond at the all sections in one exam. One more incorrect question in either listening or reading, one unfamiliar topic in speaking, a few more misspellings, grammatical mistakes in writing… anyone of those could likely kill your hope of 8s. As for takers whose English is not their first language, those mistakes are inevitable; thus 8s is not a realistic target for them. However, there is the possibility in several counties where English is partially the official language, such as South Africa, Singapore, India, Malaysia, the Philippines… I will be reluctant to bet on candidates from other counties for a 8s. Ok, let’s come back to the British/Irish native speakers. Firstly, congrats, they are already blessed in listening and speaking sections, what they need is merely a few more mock tests to get familiar with the formulate and necessary techniques, such as listening to key words in listening, do not look back when you miss, learning to waffle in speaking… then a 8 is almost in the bag. Reading as comes the second most difficult module for them, as they still need to battle with the notorious TRUE FALSE NOT GIVEN nightmare. A 8 in reading means 5 incorrect questions in Academic Reading and 3 incorrect questions in General Training Reading, therefore they are space allowing you to make mistakes but it is narrow. After a few times slips, after they get pass the YES NO NOT GIVEN, reading becomes a even and wet road – they still could slip, such as a disaster in paragraph headlines matching questions where incorrect answers take place together. The most difficult part for the British/Irish natives, is writing. Well, I think if they are around 40 years old, then they would be out of school for a while, and they might not work in an office, even in an office they are likely to use a computer instead of writing things down with a pen. Therefore, would they basically forget how to write? And then there is the particular underlying rules for IELTS Writing Task 2, such as an introduction, a conclusion, clear paragraphs which present central opinions well… If they are too cocky to follow the rules, then there is the possibility to fail the writing module. I think band 7 in writing is an easy task for them but not for the international candidates, but band 8 in writing requires them to practice and summarize experience. So let me summarize, they definitely can get 8s, I mean, nearly all of them. On a good day they pick up the easier writing questions, they pass. On a less lucky day, they might need to pray to God before during the exam, particularly before the moment they turn the writing booklet cover over.
Well, we all need to pray to God before, during, and after the exam actually.
Here comes the horror of IELTS – 7s for candidates who aren’t native English speaker, and who can only guarantee 1 or 2 7s.
If racism and xenophobia are attitude that we are taught, not born with, then the problems that come from them can be resolved.
Discuss this view and give your own opinion.
To discuss racism is always debatable issue. In many countries racism and xenophobia are buried in deep valley, although it is still in existence in some undeveloped countries or even sometimes appear in developed or developing countries in the form of hate crime. Despite the variety and ambiguity here I would discuss this view and give my opinion afterwards.
To begin with, racism and xenophobia are social diseases and once it bursts out it spread like epidemic. A child does not born with the thoughts of racism, but it is taught either by family members or by society. Moreover, once racism flourishes in one's mind he or she suffer from xenophobia. In some tribal area, for an illustration, some people of two different casts have contempt for each other that sometimes result in riot and homicide. In addition, the feeling of revenge infuriate the anger of people who belong to suffering cast or society.
Generally, this phenomenon take birth due to contempt toward other cast or society, or sometimes people of one race believe they are superior than people of different races. For an example, in past white skinned people hate black people. However, this all attitudes as mentioned above are not genetically inherited in child. Rather, that means it is taught.
To sum up, according to me, if racism and xenophobia are taught, then the problems that come from them can be resolved too. If everyone tries to understand born is not of our choice otherwise every child has aspire to take birth in the thorough-breed family. The best way to remove both from society is raise voice against them those gives stimulation rather tolerate racism; the best example is Nelson Mandela who opposed racism, and get tremendous success in Africa.