Essay/Term paper: Anxiety disorders
Essay, term paper, research paper: Psychology
See all college papers and term papers on Psychology
Need a different (custom) essay on Psychology? Buy a custom essay on Psychology
Need a custom research paper on Psychology? Click here to buy a custom term paper.
Anxiety is a feeling of tension associated with a sense of threat of danger when the source of the danger is not known. In comparison, fear is a feeling of tension that is associated with a known source of danger. I believe it is normal for us to have some mild anxiety present in our daily lives. Everyday that I can think of I have some kind of anxiety though out that day. Anxiety warns us and enables us to get ready for the "fight or flight" response. However, heightened anxiety is emotionally painful. It disrupts a person's daily functioning.
Anxiety can be seen with several other emotional disorders including the following:
Acute Stress Disorder
Anxiety Disorder Due to Medical Condition
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Substance-Induced Anxiety Disorder
There are many characteristics associated with anxiety. Frequently, people with anxiety experience tightness in their chest, a racing or pounding heart, and a pit in their stomach. Anxiety causes some people to get a headache, to sweat, and even make them have the urge to urinate.
Severe anxiety, which can be described as an episode of terror, is referred to as a panic attack. Panic attacks can be extremely frightening. People who experience panic attacks over a prolonged time period may become victims of agoraphobia, which is a psychiatric disorder that is closely associated with the panic disorder. Patients with Agoraphobia avoid certain places or situations such as airplanes, crowded theaters, a grocery store or anyplace from which escape might be difficult. It is said that Agoraphobia can be so severe that it has made certain individuals housebound.
Some people argue that there is a genetic basis for these anxiety disorders. Research shows that there is strong evidence for a genetic basis for anxiety. If a person has anxiety, more than ten percent of his or her relatives will also suffer form some form of anxiety if not the same form that they have.
It has been found that anxiety disorder affect males and females differently. Females are
known to be twice as likely to suffer from anxiety than males. On the other hand, an equal
number of males and females are both seen for the treatment of their anxiety.
The ages that the people have anxiety attacks vary but, anxiety problems commonly begin when people are in their twenty"s. This is something really great to know when you are only a year a way from being twenty. When will my anxiety start? Or has it already? There some known cases of anxiety at early ages but these are rare. Still again people of any age can suffer from anxiety and require the treatment for it.
I wondered to myself how common are anxiety disorders in our society today. Then I found out how common they really are. They end up being very common. At least three percent of the population in the untied states has had or will eventually be diagnose with some form of abnormal anxiety. Being a college student I am almost positive that I am in that three percent. How lucky am I?
Knowing now that I am almost at the right age to have anxiety who would diagnose a type of disorder like these? I found out that a mental health professional may diagnoses the anxiety disorder after taking a careful look at my personal history. It will be important to the therapist to learn the details of my life. It is also very important not to overlook a physical illness that might mimic or contribute to this psychological disorder since some medical illnesses can cause anxiety like symptoms. Take for instance, a person with an overactive thyroid, known as hyperthyroidism, may have symptoms similar to anxiety. This is something that the professional would pick up and diagnose you accordingly. If there would be a question whether the individual might have a physical problem, the mental health professional would recommend a complete physical examination by a medical doctor. People examined during an anxiety attack usually have rapid pulse, rapid breathing, dry mouth, and sweating palms. They might also complain of dizziness or numbness or tingling in their extremities. Laboratory tests are also a necessary part of the physical work up and check out.
Anxiety disorders can be treated in several ways. The first is being Psychotherapy. This is recommend for someone with a moderate to severe anxiety problem. Secondly, antianxiety medications can be used to reduce severe anxiety. Take for example when people sometimes start experiencing a panic attack they think that they are having a heart attack, and they begin to worry that they might die. Therefore, they go to a hospital emergency room to be evaluated. Once they are evaluated and diagnosed with anxiety, they are given reassurance that they are not going to die, and they may be treated with medications to lessen their anxious symptoms. The third way that a anxiety disorder can be treated is with the help of your family. If you have a friend, family member or a loved relative they can help you cope with your hard time and make you life a little easier just with them being there and them giving you encouragement.
What could happen if a person had a type of anxiety disorder? Well some forms of anxiety are sort lived. However, many people with anxiety battle the disorder for years.
The prognosis for the recovery from anxiety is variable. However, with treatment many people learn to live with or control their anxiety so that they can continue to be fully functioning.
I have learned through my own situations in life that anxiety can be very stressful. . Doing this paper how made me realize how really messed up I really am. I have many anxiety problems. I guess I can say though who doesn"t is the world today.
Not only have I learned a lot about anxiety but thorough out this semester in psychology I have learned different problems people face and what they do to help themselves get better. There are problems that I never knew existed.
With the help of God may I never have any more anxiety problems.
Other sample model essays:
Psychology / Applying Psychological Thinking To Sports
"Sports is by far one of the fastest growing pass times in the United States" (Rainer 1987). Even if people don't take it to the professional level, sporting events are happening in our...
Psychology / ATTACKS ON THE INSANITY DEFENSE
The insanity defense refers to that branch of the concept of insanity which defines the extent to which men accused of crimes may be relieved of criminal responsibility by virtue of mental disease. T...
Psychology / Attention Deficit Disorder
Attection Deficit Disorder By: Ryan Fish To be nobody-but-myself--in a world which is doing its best, night and day, to make you everybody else-means to fight the hardest battle which any human b...
Psychology / Aversive Conditioning
Aversive conditioning is a manufactured negative response to certain things, much like the operant conditioning developed by Skinner. The contingent behavior is behavior that, when performed, resul...
Psychology / A Review Of Psychology Articles
In this paper I will review four articles, one movie, and one experiment conducted in class. The issue's all this information covers is sex differences and the degree to which they exists in men and w...
Psychology / Battered Women's Syndrome
In 1991, Governor William Weld modified parole regulations and permitted women to seek commutation if they could present evidence indicating they suffered from battered women's syndrome. A s...
Psychology / Big Brothers
Becoming a mentor can have a tremendous impact on the life of a youngster. Children need someone to look up to that doesn"t necessarily need be a part of their immediate family. Sometimes they have no...
Psychology / Bipolar Disorder
The phenomenon of bipolar affective disorder has been a mystery since the 16th century. History has shown that this affliction can appear in almost anyone. Even the great painter Vincent Van Gogh...
Psychology / Birth Order
Does birth order have an effect on personality? Does being first born make people more responsible? If someone is the middle born child, are they going to be more rebellious? If people are last ...
Everybody knows what it's like to feel anxious -- the butterflies in your stomach before a first date, the tension you feel when your boss is angry, and the way your heart pounds if you're in danger. Anxiety rouses you to action. It gears you up to face a threatening situation. It makes you study harder for that exam, and keeps you on your toes when you're making a speech. In general, it helps you cope.
But if you have an anxiety disorder, this normally helpful emotion can do just the opposite -- it can keep you from coping and can disrupt your daily life. There are several types of anxiety disorders, each with their own distinct features.
An anxiety disorder may make you feel anxious most of the time, without any apparent reason. Or the anxious feelings may be so uncomfortable that to avoid them you may stop some everyday activities. Or you may have occasional bouts of anxiety so intense they terrify and immobilize you.
Anxiety disorders are the most common of all the mental health disorders. Considered in the category of anxiety disorders are: Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, Agoraphobia, Social Phobia, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Specific Phobia, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, and Acute Stress Disorder. Anxiety disorders as a whole cost the United States between 42-46 billion dollars a year in direct and indirect healthcare costs, which is a third of the yearly total mental health bill of 148 billion dollars. In the United States, social phobia is the most common anxiety disorder with approximately 5.3 million people per year suffering from it. Approximately 5.2 million people per year suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder. Estimates for panic disorder range between 3 to 6 million people per year, an anxiety disorder that twice as many women suffer from as men. Specific phobias affect more than 1 out of every 10 people with the prevalence for women being slightly higher than for men. Obsessive Compulsive disorder affects about every 2 to 3 people out of 100, with women and men being affected equally.
Many people still carry the misperception that anxiety disorders are a character flaw, a problem that happens because you are weak. They say, "Pull yourself up by your own bootstraps!" and "You just have a case of the nerves." Wishing the symptoms away does not work -- but there are treatments that can help.
Anxiety disorders and panic attacks are not signs of a character flaw. Most importantly, feeling anxious is not your fault. It is a serious mood disorder, which affects a person's ability to function in every day activities. It affects one's work, one's family, and one's social life.
Today, much more is known about the causes and treatment of this mental health problem. We know that there are biological and psychological components to every anxiety disorder and that the best form of treatment is a combination of cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy interventions. Depending upon the severity of the anxiety, medication is used in combination with psychotherapy. Contrary to the popular misconceptions about anxiety disorders today, it is not a purely biochemical or medical disorder.
There are as many potential causes of anxiety disorders as there are people who suffer from them. Family history and genetics play a part in the greater likelihood of someone getting an anxiety disorder in their lifetime. Increased stress and inadequate coping mechanisms to deal with that stress may also contribute to anxiety. Anxiety symptoms can result from such a variety of factors including having had a traumatic experience, having to face major decisions in a one's life, or having developed a more fearful perspective on life. Anxiety caused by medications or substance or alcohol abuse is not typically recognized as an anxiety disorder.
We have developed the information here to act as a comprehensive guide to help you better understand anxiety disorders and find out more information about them on your own. Choose from among the categories at left to begin your journey into recovery from this treatable disorder.