USA Patriot Act (Post 9/11 Enhancements To National Security)
The patriot act is an act of congress that was signed by former president George W. Bush into on October 26, 2001 in the United States of America. The act was brought about as a result of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States and; were meant to improve police and surveillance powers. At that time of the crisis national security was of significant importance, even at the extent of sacrificing the privacy and other rights of the citizens.
Therefore, the aim of this paper is to analyze how the patriot act has enhanced national security in the United States, post 9/11.
Effects of the Act in enhancing national Security:
The patriot act brought about a lot of changes and improvements in the administration and running of national security in the United States. This paper would therefore, take brief look of some of these enhancements and improvements that the enactment of the act brought about in the United States post 9/11.
One of the key features of the act was the enhancement of the powers of security services to detect and prevent terrorism. The aim here is for the security services to be able identify terrorist and likely planned terrorist activities that could be of any threat to the nation and then take measures to prevent such from happening.
Another key section of the act also deals with the need to prevent the use of international money laundering in the financing of terrorist activities anywhere in the world. The idea is to prevent laundered funds from finding their way into the hands of terrorist or terrorist organizations. Terrorist need money to finance and coordinate their activities, therefore, by making sure that laundered funds are not channeled towards financing and helping the operations of terrorist it would cripple their activities.
Another feature of the act is the need for greater cooperation in the area of information sharing and coordination to ensure the protection of critical infrastructure. The aim is to enable the security services to counter terrorist operations that cut across national boundaries.
The USA Patriot Act from the above discussion has brought about great changes in terms of US national security.
Julia TeitelbaumPeriod 7 English4/23/07Research Paper: The Patriot Act and Civil LibertiesThe Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required toIntercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act, more commonly known as the USA PATRIOT Act, or simply the Patriot Act was signed into law on October 26, 2001, 45 days after the terrorist attackson September 11
. At the signing of the Patriot Act in 2001, President George W. Bush said thatthe act would provide “important new tools to fight a present danger” (Gerdes). Since then, thePatriot Act and the “important new tools” it authorizes have been subjects of intense controversy.The debate over what the Patriot Act actually allows law enforcement officials to do, however,centers on the balance of national security and protection of civil liberties in legislation.In the United States, civil liberties are the rights individuals have that are free frominterference from the government or others; they include the rights listed in the Bill of Rights aswell as those protected by state or local laws (Boaz). Also, the Ninth Article of The Bill of Rightsstates that “the enumeration…of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage othersretained by the people”, so rights concerning privacy and “others retained by the people” can beincluded under the label of civil liberties. In the past, civil liberties have been challenged andsuspended in times of war. The Patriot Act contains provisions that bring up the issue of civilliberties during wartime. Critics call the Patriot Act “unwarranted and intrusive” (“Reform thePatriot Act”). Still, on March 9, 2006, President Bush restated, “The Patriot Act is vital to the war on terror and defending our citizens against a ruthless enemy” (“Preserving Life and Liberty”).While the government calls changes to criminal procedure in the Patriot Act modest, civillibertarians believe the changes erode individual rights. Such changes include procedures for detention and deportation. The Patriot Act gives the Attorney General the power to detain