Lee Zeldin Committee Assignments Texas

Lee Zeldin
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 1st district

Incumbent

Assumed office
January 3, 2015
Preceded byTim Bishop
Member of the New York Senate
from the 3rd district
In office
January 1, 2011 – December 31, 2014
Preceded byBrian X. Foley
Succeeded byThomas Croci
Personal details
Born(1980-01-30) January 30, 1980 (age 38)
East Meadow, New York, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Diana Zeldin
Children2
ResidenceShirley, New York, U.S.
Alma materSUNY Albany(BA)
Albany Law School(JD)
ProfessionLawyer, politician
WebsiteHouse website
Military service
Allegiance United States
Service/branchUnited States Army
Years of service2003–present
RankMajor
Battles/warsIraq War

Lee Zeldin (born January 30, 1980) is an American lawyer and politician. A Republican, he has represented New York's 1st congressional district in the United States House of Representatives since 2015. New York's 1st district includes Central and Eastern Suffolk County, including most of Smithtown, as well as the entirety of the towns of Brookhaven, Riverhead, Southold, Southampton, East Hampton, and Shelter Island, and a small portion of Islip.

Early life, education, and military service[edit]

Zeldin was raised in Shirley, Suffolk County, New York and graduated from William Floyd High School in 1998. He received a B.A. (cum laude) in political science from the State University of New York at Albany in 2001 and earned his Juris Doctor from Albany Law School in May 2003.[1]

Upon graduation from law school, Zeldin received an Army ROTC commission as a Second Lieutenant, assigned to the Military Intelligence Corps of the United States Army. He became a member of the New York State Bar in January 2004 at the age of 23. In 2006, he was deployed to Iraq with an infantry battalion of paratroopers from the 82nd Airborne Division. Zeldin also served as a lawyer in the Judge Advocate General's Corps. In 2007, he transitioned from active duty to the Army Reserve where he currently serves with the rank of Major. In 2008, Zeldin started a law practice in Smithtown, New York, which he operated full-time until being elected to New York's 3rd State Senate district in 2010.[1]

New York Senate[edit]

Elections[edit]

In 2010, Zeldin ran in the New York Senate's 3rd district, challenging Democratic incumbent Brian X. Foley. Zeldin defeated Foley 58%–42%.[2] In 2012, he won re-election to a second term, defeating Democrat Francis Genco, 56%–44%.[3]

Tenure[edit]

In January 2011, Zeldin co-sponsored legislation that enacted a 2% property tax cap.[4]

In June 2011, Zeldin voted against the Marriage Equality Act, which the Senate passed 33–29.[5] In a statement after the bill passed, Zeldin said: "It is my belief that marriage should be defined as between a man and a woman."[6]

In December 2011, Zeldin supported a $250 million cut to the MTA payroll tax.[7][8]

In March 2012, Zeldin created the PFC Joseph DwyerPTSD Peer-to-Peer Veterans Support program as part of the 2012–13 New York State Budget.[9][10]

On January 14, 2013, Zeldin did not vote on the NY SAFE Act, a gun control bill that passed the New York State Senate, 43 votes to 18.[11] In a statement released to the press after the vote, Zeldin said he would have voted against the measure.[12]

In February 2014, Zeldin introduced a bill that sought to halt implementation of the Common Core curriculum for three years.[13] The bill was referred to the Senate Education committee.

On March 17, 2014, Zeldin voted against the New York Dream Act.[14][15]

U.S. Congress[edit]

Elections[edit]

2008[edit]

See also: United States House of Representatives elections in New York, 2008 § District 1

In 2008, Zeldin challenged incumbent Democratic Congressman Tim Bishop in New York's 1st congressional district. Bishop defeated Zeldin 58%–42%.[16]

2014[edit]

See also: United States House of Representatives elections in New York, 2014 § District 1

On October 6, 2013, Zeldin announced he would seek the Republican nomination to again run against incumbent Democratic Congressman Tim Bishop.[17]

Zeldin defeated George Demos in the Republican Party primary[18] and ran unopposed for the Conservative Party nomination in the primary on June 24, 2014. Zeldin had the backing of former Congressman and U.S. House Majority leader Eric Cantor,[19] former Congressman Allen West,[20] U.S. Senator John McCain,[21] and former U.S. Senator Rick Santorum.[22]

Zeldin was endorsed by the United States Chamber of Commerce,[23] the National Federation of Independent Business,[24] the Suffolk County Republican Committee,[25] and Suffolk County Conservative Party Chairman Ed Walsh.[26][27][28]

On June 24, 2014, Zeldin defeated George Demos, 62% to 37%[29] to secure the Republican Party nomination.

On November 4, 2014, Zeldin defeated Bishop, 54% to 45%,[30] to represent New York's 1st congressional district in the United States Congress.[31]

2016[edit]

See also: United States House of Representatives elections in New York, 2016 § District 1

In February 2015, the NRCC announced that Zeldin was one of 12 members in the Patriot Program, a program designed to help protect vulnerable Republican incumbents heading into the 2016 election.[32][33]

Zeldin ran for re-election in 2016. He faced no opposition in the Republican primary, which was held on June 28, 2016. He was challenged in the November 8, 2016, general election by Anna Throne-Holst, winner of the Democratic primary.[34] Preliminary results from the Suffolk County Board of Elections showed Zeldin securing nearly 59% of the vote to retain his seat.[35]

Tenure[edit]

Education

In July 2015, Zeldin attached an amendment to the Student Success Act. This amendment would allow for states to opt-out of Common Core without penalty.[36] The amendment was passed and signed into law thereafter.[37]

Environmental issues

In 2015, Zeldin had a 14% environmental rating from the League of Conservation voters.[38] He was 29% below average for members of the House of Representatives, and the second lowest rated congressman in the New York delegation.[39]

In April 2015, Zeldin, along with Charles Schumer, the senior United States Senator from New York, introduced the Fluke Fairness Act. The bill would reform the current system for managing fluke fishing quotas by creating a regional approach to updating quotas and standards based on geographic, scientific, and economic data.[40] The bill has not been passed.[citation needed]

On July 15, 2015, Zeldin introduced the Exclusive Economic Zone Clarification Act.[41] The bill proposed to amend the boundary in part of the federal Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). It would give fisheries management of Block Island Sound exclusively to New York and Rhode Island; some Connecticut fishermen said the bill could put them out of business.[42]

Also in September 2015, Zeldin, along with Adrienne Esposito, executive director of Citizens Campaign for the Environment, condemned the dumping of dredged materials, stating: “We can't just assume that dumping these waste spoils in the Long Island Sound is environmentally benign.”[43][44]

In 2016, the League of Conservation Voters awarded Zeldin an 8% rating, which was the worst record in the entire New York State congressional delegation.[45] He has opposed the Stream Protection Rule.[46]

Foreign affairs

In January 2016, the New York Post reported that Zeldin was a no-show in 2015 at 12 of 18 House Committee on Foreign Affairs hearings that dealt specifically with ISIL and with Syria.[47][48]

Zeldin criticized President Obama's Iran Nuclear Deal.[49]

In February 2016, Zeldin, along with Republican congressmen Mike Pompeo of Kansas and Frank LoBiondo of New Jersey, sought visas to travel to Iran to check the country's compliance with the Iran nuclear deal framework.[50][51] On June 7, 2016, Iran called the request a "publicity stunt" and said it would deny the visas.[52]

Health care

On May 4, 2017, Zeldin voted in favor of repealing the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) and passing the American Health Care Act.[53][54][55]

In May 2015, Zeldin voted for H.R.36, a bill which he co-sponsored, that would prohibit abortions in cases where the probable age of the fetus is 20 weeks or later and would impose criminal penalties on doctors who violate the ban.[56]

As of September 2015, Zeldin co-sponsored two bills in Congress that would combat Lyme disease. The bills are the Tick-Borne Disease Research and Accountability and Transparency Act of 2015[57] and the 21st Century Cures Act.[58][59]

On September 18, 2015, Zeldin voted for the Defund Planned Parenthood Act of 2015,[60] a bill that would defund Planned Parenthood for one year unless the organization agrees to not provide abortion services.[61][62]

Land Management

In April 2016, Zeldin introduced legislation to prevent the federal government's sale of Plum Island to the highest bidder.[63] In May 2016, his bill unanimously passed the U.S. House.[64]

Same-sex marriage

In June 2015, after the United States Supreme Court ruled in Obergefell v. Hodges that state-level bans on same-sex marriage are unconstitutional. Zeldin would not comment about his view of same-sex marriage, however he indicated that he believed the issue should have been decided at the state level.[65]

A month later, Zeldin signed on as a co-sponsor of the First Amendment Defense Act,[66] a bill whose supporters say is designed to protect Americans who use their religious beliefs to deny services to same sex couples or unmarried pregnant women. Critics of the measure say it will enable people to violate the legal rights of same-sex couples and their children by discriminating against them.[67]

According to the legislation, the federal government is not allowed to “take any discriminatory action against a person, wholly or partially on the basis that such person believes or acts in accordance with a religious belief or moral conviction that marriage is or should be recognized as the union of one man and one woman, or that sexual relations are properly reserved to such a marriage.”[68][69]

Veterans affairs

In February 2015, Zeldin introduced his first bill, which would eliminate the loan limit of a loan that the United States Department of Veterans Affairs can guarantee for a veteran.[70]

In February 2016, Zeldin proposed federal legislation that would fund a three-year, $25 million nationwide veterans peer support program modeled on one he helped establish in New York State.[71]

Committee assignments[edit]

Caucuses[edit]

Zeldin is the Co-Chairman of the Long Island Sound Caucus[citation needed], and is a member of the Climate Solutions Caucus.[72][73]

He is a member of the Republican Main Street Partnership.[74]

Political positions[edit]

Zeldin was ranked as the 45th most bipartisan member of the U.S. House of Representatives during the 114th United States Congress (and the eighth most bipartisan member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York) in the Bipartisan Index created by The Lugar Center and the McCourt School of Public Policy that ranks members of the United States Congress by their degree of bipartisanship (by measuring the frequency each member's bills attract co-sponsors from the opposite party and each member's co-sponsorship of bills by members of the opposite party).[75]

In July 2015, Lee Zeldin was among nine Republicans facing attacks for meeting with Oath Keepers, a group of retired military, police and fire department employees, which some say is an extremist conservative group.[76]

Taxes[edit]

Zeldin voted against the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017.[77] Zeldin supported the corporate tax cuts but did not approve of the property tax deductions, preferring a cap of $20,000 or $25,000 as opposed to the $10,000 that was in the bill.[78]

LGBT rights[edit]

Zeldin has a 48% rating from the Human Rights Campaign regarding his voting record on LGBT rights.[79]

Marijuana[edit]

Zeldin has a "B" rating regarding his voting record on cannabis-related matters. He has voted twice in support of the Veterans Equal Access Amendment, which includes providing veterans access to medical marijuana pre their doctor's recommendation and if it is legal in the state of which they reside.[80]

Donald Trump[edit]

Zeldin endorsed Donald Trump as the Republican presidential nominee after Trump effectively clinched the nomination on May 3, 2016.[81] Zeldin had previously indicated that he would support the eventual Republican nominee.[82]

Zeldin faulted Trump for a comment about Khizr and Ghazala Khan, a Gold Star family whose son Humayun, a Captain in the Army, was killed during the Iraq War, but stated he would continue to support Trump and agreed that Trump was correct for calling Captain Khan a hero.[83]

Zeldin supported Donald Trump's firing of FBI Director James Comey, saying it offered the FBI a chance at a “fresh start” to rebuild trust.[84]

Personal life[edit]

Zeldin is a member of the Veterans of Foreign Wars, the American Legion, and the Jewish War Veterans. He is married to Diana Zeldin, and they have twin daughters, Mikayla and Arianna.[85] They live in Shirley, New York.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ abc"Lee Zeldin". house.gov. Retrieved February 1, 2016. 
  2. ^"New York State Legislature Election 2010". New York Times. Archived from the original on June 15, 2012. Retrieved April 28, 2016. 
  3. ^"Our Campaigns – NY State Senate 03 Race". ourcampaigns.com. November 6, 2012. Retrieved February 20, 2015. 
  4. ^Civiletti, Denise (November 3, 2014). "Hotly contested — and very expensive — congressional race draws to a close". Riverhead Local. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  5. ^"A8354-2011 – NY Senate Open Legislation – Enacts the Marriage Equality Act relating to ability of individuals to marry – New York State Senate". nysenate.gov. Retrieved February 20, 2015. 
  6. ^Lavers, Michael (July 19, 2011). "Fire Islanders Celebrate Passage of Marriage Equality Bill". Fire Island News. Retrieved June 25, 2014. 
  7. ^Hamilton, Colby (December 12, 2011). "NY Governor Cuomo Signs MTA Tax Reduction Into Law". WNYC. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  8. ^"Long Island Officials Lobby To Eliminate MTA Payroll Tax". CBS New York. February 3, 2012. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  9. ^Fertoli, Annmarie (April 8, 2012). "4 New York Counties Set to Receive Funding for Vets Peer Pilot Program". WNYC News. Retrieved April 28, 2016. 
  10. ^LaRocco, Paul (October 14, 2013). "Suffolk: Bellone credits Zeldin on state PTSD program". Newsday. Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  11. ^"Project Vote Smart – The Voter's Self Defense System". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved February 20, 2015. 
  12. ^Bonner, Ryan (January 15, 2013). "Zeldin Releases Statement on Gun Legislation". Patchogue Patch. Retrieved September 27, 2016. 
  13. ^Franchi, Jaime (February 16, 2014). "Common Core Adjustments Do Not Go Far Enough, Blast Opponents". Long Island Press. Retrieved September 27, 2016. 
  14. ^"A2597A-2013 – NY Senate Open Legislation – Enacts the New York state DREAM ACT; repealer". nysenate.gov. Retrieved February 20, 2015. 
  15. ^Ramirez, David (March 31, 2012). "New York Dream Act Proponents Increase Pressure On Governor Cuomo To Provide Budget Support". Huffington Post. Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  16. ^"Our Campaigns – NY – District 01 Race". ourcampaigns.com. November 4, 2008. Retrieved February 20, 2015. 
  17. ^Brand, Rick (October 6, 2013). "Zeldin to challenge Bishop for House seat". Newsday. Retrieved September 27, 2016. 
  18. ^Gannon, Tim; Pinciaro, Joseph (June 24, 2014). "Zeldin tops Demos, will face Bishop this fall". Riverhead News-Review. Retrieved September 27, 2016. 
  19. ^Brune, Tom (June 11, 2014). "Rep. Eric Cantor to appear at fundraiser for Lee Zeldin in Quogue". Newsday. Retrieved 27 September 2016. 
  20. ^Friedman, Dan (September 2, 2014). "Long Island Republican Questioned Over Event with Tea Party Favorite West". New York Daily News. Retrieved September 27, 2016. 
  21. ^Livingston, Abby (October 30, 2013). "McCain Takes Sides in House GOP Primary in New York". Roll Call. Retrieved September 27, 2016. 
  22. ^"Eric Cantor to attend fundraiser for Lee Zeldin's run for Congress". Newsday. June 8, 2014. Retrieved September 27, 2016. 
  23. ^"Zeldin Nets Chamber Of Commerce Endorsement". NY State of Politics. Retrieved June 22, 2014. 
  24. ^"NFIB/NY Backs Zeldin in Hot 1st District". National Federation of Independent Business. Retrieved June 22, 2014. 
  25. ^Murphy, Rick (February 19, 2014). "Suffolk GOP Endorses Lee Zeldin". The Independent. Retrieved June 22, 2014. 
  26. ^"Senator Lee Zeldin Endorsed by Suffolk County Conservative Party Chairman". zeldinforcongress.com. Archived from the original on September 5, 2014. 
  27. ^"Edward Walsh, Conservative Party chief, to be charged with fraud, sources say". Newsday. Retrieved February 20, 2015. 
  28. ^"Zeldin Gets Suffolk County Nod". NY State of Politics. Retrieved June 22, 2014. 
  29. ^"Zeldin Defeats Demos For Nomination". Retrieved November 9, 2016. 
  30. ^"Zeldin defeats Bishop as Suffolk GOP wins big on Election Day". The Suffolk Times. November 4, 2014. Retrieved February 2, 2016. 
  31. ^LaRocco, Paul (November 5, 2014). "Lee Zeldin Defeats Tim Bishop". Newsday. Retrieved November 10, 2014. 
  32. ^"Exclusive: NRCC Announces 12 Members in Patriot Program". Roll Call: At the Races. Retrieved February 5, 2016. 
  33. ^Hohmann, James; Viebeck, Elise (September 3, 2015). "The Daily 202: Contract with the NRCC — The deal GOPers make to get reelected". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 5, 2016. 
  34. ^Pathé, Simone (July 8, 2016). "Throne-Holst Will Challenge New York's Lee Zeldin". Roll Call. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  35. ^"On night of Trump win, Zeldin makes history". Retrieved November 10, 2016. 
  36. ^"Zeldin begins with an anti-Common Core amendment". Politico New York. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  37. ^"Zeldin Anti-Common Core Amendment Passed". December 3, 2015. 
  38. ^"2015 Scorecard"(PDF). League of Conservation Voters Scorecard. League of Conservation Voters. 
  39. ^"2015 Scorecard"(PDF). League of Conservation Voters Scorecard. League of Conservation Voters. 
  40. ^"Federal 'Fluke Fairness Act' would correct inequitable treatment of L.I. anglers: Schumer, Zeldin". Riverhead Local. 
  41. ^"H.R.3070". congress.gov. Retrieved March 3, 2016. 
  42. ^"Bill in Congress could hurt Connecticut fishermen, and fish". WTNH. Retrieved February 27, 2015. "On Long Island Sound, Discord Over Push for Fishing Rights". ABC News. Retrieved March 3, 2016. 
  43. ^Blasl, Katie (September 17, 2015). "Long Island Sound is 'not a landfill', say environmentalists opposed to open water waste dumping plan". Riverhead Local. Retrieved March 3, 2016. 
  44. ^"Rep. Zeldin joins call to halt Sound dumping". News12 LongIsland. September 16, 2015. Retrieved March 3, 2016. 
  45. ^"National Environmental Scorecard". League of Conservation Voters. Retrieved March 9, 2017. 
  46. ^"Extreme Assault on Stream Protection Rule". League of Conservation Voters. League of Conservation Voters. Retrieved March 9, 2017. 
  47. ^"Tough-talking freshman congressman has been skipping Foreign Affairs Committee meetings". New York Post. Retrieved January 31, 2016. 
  48. ^"Rep. Lee Zeldin's hearing absences draw fire from rivals". Newsday. Retrieved January 31, 2016. 
  49. ^Brune, Tom (July 14, 2015). "Republicans denounce Iran deal; Democrats respond cautiously". Newsday. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  50. ^Brune, Tom (February 4, 2016). "Rep. Lee Zeldin seeks Iran visa to check on nuke compliance". Newsday. Retrieved February 26, 2016. 
  51. ^Nicholas, Elizabeth (February 25, 2016). "Meeting the Tea Party in Tehran". Huffington Post. Retrieved February 27, 2016. 
  52. ^Vahdat, Amir (June 7, 2016). "Iran says US congressmen can't visit amid nuclear deal row". Associated Press. Retrieved June 16, 2016. 
  53. ^Smith, Tara (May 11, 2017). "Zeldin votes to repeal Affordable Care Act". Long Island Advance. Retrieved May 15, 2017. 
  54. ^"How the House voted to pass the GOP health-care bill". Washington Post. Retrieved 2017-05-04. 
  55. ^Staff, C.N.N. "How every member voted on health care bill". CNN. Retrieved 2017-05-04. 

For other people named Barbara Lee, see Barbara Lee (disambiguation).

Barbara Lee
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 13th district

Incumbent

Assumed office
January 3, 2013
Preceded byPete Stark
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 9th district
In office
April 21, 1998 – January 3, 2013
Preceded byRon Dellums
Succeeded byJerry McNerney
Member of the California Senate
from the 9th district
In office
December 1996 – April 1998
Preceded byNicholas Petris
Succeeded byDon Perata
Member of the California State Assembly
from the 16th district
In office
December 7, 1992 – November 30, 1996
Preceded byJohn Burton
Succeeded byDon Perata
Member of the California State Assembly
from the 13th district
In office
December 3, 1990 – November 30, 1992
Preceded byElihu Harris
Succeeded byWillie Brown
Personal details
BornBarbara Jean Tutt
(1946-07-16) July 16, 1946 (age 71)
El Paso, Texas, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
EducationMills College(BA)
University of California, Berkeley(MSW)
WebsiteHouse website

Barbara Jean Lee (born July 16, 1946) is the U.S. Representative for California's 13th congressional district, serving since 1998; until 2013 the region was designated California's 9th congressional district. She is a member of the Democratic Party. She was the first woman to represent the 9th district and is also the first woman to represent the 13th district. Lee was the chair of the Congressional Black Caucus and was the co-chair of the Congressional Progressive Caucus. Lee is notable as the only member of either chamber of Congress to vote against the authorization of use of force following the September 11, 2001 attacks.[1] This made her a hero among many in the anti-war movement.[2] Lee has been a vocal critic of the war in Iraq and supports legislation creating a Department of Peace.

Early life and education[edit]

Lee was born Barbara Jean Tutt in El Paso, Texas, the daughter of Mildred Adaire (née Parish) and Garvin Alexander Tutt, a lieutenant colonel.[3] According to a DNA analysis, she descends primarily from the people of Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone.[4][5] She moved from Texas to California in 1960 with her military family parents, and attended San Fernando High School in the Pacoima neighborhood of Los Angeles.[6] She was a young single mother of two receiving public assistance when she began attending college.[7][8] Lee was educated at Mills College, and received an MSW from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1975.

Political career[edit]

As president of the Mills College Black Student Union, Lee invited Congresswoman Shirley Chisholm to speak on campus and went on to work on Chisolm's 1972 presidential campaign, serving as her delegate at the 1972 Democratic National Convention.[9] Also as a student, she was a volunteer at the Oakland chapter of the Black Panther Party's Community Learning Center and worked on Panther co-founder Bobby Seale's 1973 Oakland mayoral campaign.[10] Lee was a staff member for United States Representative Ron Dellums and a member of the California State Assembly and the California State Senate before entering the House. She ran for Congress in a special election that created a year-long series of five special elections as various East Bay politicians vied for political office. (For a detailed account of these elections, see Special election musical chairs.)

AUMF opposition[edit]

Lee gained national attention in 2001 as the only member of congress to vote "No" on the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Terrorists (AUMF), stating that she voted no not because she opposed military action but because she believed the AUMF, as written, granted overly-broad powers to wage war to the president at a time when the facts regarding the situation were not yet clear. She "warned her colleagues to be 'careful not to embark on an open-ended war with neither an exit strategy nor a focused target.'"[11] Lee explained, "It was a blank check to the president to attack anyone involved in the September 11 events—anywhere, in any country, without regard to our nation's long-term foreign policy, economic and national security interests, and without time limit. In granting these overly broad powers, the Congress failed its responsibility to understand the dimensions of its declaration.... The president has the constitutional authority to protect the nation from further attack, and he has mobilized the armed forces to do just that. The Congress should have waited for the facts to be presented and then acted with fuller knowledge of the consequences of our action."

This vote made nationwide news reports and brought about a large and extremely polarized response, with the volume of calls gridlocking the switchboard of her Capitol Hill office. Although it appears to have reflected the beliefs of the majority of her constituents, the majority of responses from elsewhere in the nation were angry and hostile, some referring to her as "communist" and "traitor". Many of the responses included death threats against her or her family to the point that the Capitol Police provided round-the-clock plainclothes bodyguards.[12] She was also criticized by politicians and in editorial pages of conservative-leaning newspapers, e.g. John Fund's column in The Wall Street Journal.[13] She was awarded the Seán MacBride Peace Prize by the International Peace Bureau in 2002 for that vote.

In her speech, she quoted the Rev. Nathan Baxter, dean of National Cathedral: “As we act, let us not become the evil that we deplore."[14]

On June 29, 2017, the House Appropriations Committee approved Rep. Barbara Lee’s amendment to repeal the 2001 authorization for the use of military force that was the foundation of the U.S.’s post-September 11 military actions. The amendment, if passed, will require that the 2001 authorization for the use of military force be scrapped within 240 days.[15]

Other positions[edit]

Congressional Black Caucus

She hinted to the Oakland Tribune that she would run for the leadership of the Congressional Black Caucus in September 2008, following the end of her four-year term as co-chair of the Congressional Progressive Caucus.[16]

Death penalty

Lee's opposition to the death penalty was recognized in 2002 by Death Penalty Focus, when they presented her with the Mario Cuomo Act of Courage Award.[17]

Foreign affairs

Although Lee is considered a liberal Democrat, she has occasionally split with members of her own party throughout her congressional career, especially on foreign policy matters. She voted in favor of limiting military operations in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, against authorizing air strikes, and in favor of a Republican-backed plan to completely withdraw U.S. troops from the operation, all in 1999.[18] Lee voted against the Iraq WarResolution in 2002.[19][20][21] Lee was one of only 46 Democrats to vote for the Online Freedom of Speech Act of 2005.[22] Lee was one of only 13 Democrats to vote against an emergency supplemental appropriations bill in 2007 which, among other things, funded the war in Iraq but required withdrawal of U.S. forces to begin by October 1.[23] However, Lee voted in favor of overriding President Bush's veto of the measure on May 2.[24] On November 2009 Lee was one of 36 representatives to vote "nay" on House Resolution 867, which condemned the UN's Goldstone Report.[25] Lee voted to withdraw troops from Afghanistan in 2010 and 2011.[26][27] Lee also voted in favor of similar resolutions involving troop withdrawal from Pakistan and, most recently, Libya.[28][29] Lee also joined her Republican colleagues, one of 70 Democrats to do so, in voting against a resolution to authorize limited use of force in Libya.[30] Lee was also one of only 36 Democrats to vote in favor of limiting funds appropriated for military operations in Libya.[31]

Presidential election re-count

See also: 2004 United States election voting controversies § Objection to certification of Ohio's electoral votes

Lee was one of the 31 who voted in the House to not count the electoral votes from Ohio in the 2004 presidential election.[32]

Education

Lee is the author of the Shirley A. Chisholm United States-Caribbean Educational Exchange Act, which would enhance U.S. foreign relations with CARICOM nations. This act directs the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) to develop a comprehensive program that extends and expands existing primary and secondary school initiatives in the Caribbean to provide: (1) teacher training methods; and (2) increased community involvement in school activities.[33] The bill is named for former Congresswoman Shirley Chisholm, who helped inspire Lee to become involved in politics when Chisholm ran for the Democratic nomination for President; Lee became the Northern California Chair of the Chisholm campaign.

Economic

On September 29, 2008, Lee was one of 95 Democrats to vote against the defeated Emergency Economic Stabilization Act.[34] However, she voted for a modified version on October 3.[35]

Health care

Lee was strongly critical of the Stupak-Pitts Amendment, which places restrictions on health insurance plans providing coverage for abortions in the context of the Affordable Health Care for America Act.[36]

Housing

As a congresswoman for the Bay Area, Barbara Lee has made affordable housing in East Bay area and beyond a top priority. Lee has supported and backed legislation meant to expand home ownership opportunities, improve public housing quality, and assist the homeless.[37]

Social Work

On March 15, 2013, Lee announced the official relaunch of the Congressional Social Work Caucus to the 113th Congress as the new chairwoman of the social work caucus.[38]

Personal life and public image[edit]

Lee has two sons, Tony and Craig, both of whom work in the insurance industry. Tony Lee is the CEO of Dickerson Employee Benefits, one of the nation's largest African-American owned insurance brokerage/consulting firms. Craig Lee is a long term senior executive at State Farm.[39]

Lee endorsed Senator Barack Obama for president in the 2008 primary.[40]

Lee's voting record as a member of the House was ranked by the National Journal in 2007, based on roll-call votes on economic, social and foreign policy issues in 2006. Lee scored an overall 84.3%, meaning she voted with a more liberal stance than 84.3% of the House. National Journal scored Lee as voting 82% liberal on economic issues, 92% liberal on social issues, and 65% liberal on foreign policy. The 92% rating on social issues came from Lee being grouped with 35 other House legislators who all tied for the highest, most liberal ranking.[41] Lee received a 97% progressive rating from "The Progressive Punch,"[42] and a 4% conservative rating from the American Conservative Union.[43] In 2016, GovTrack's 2015 Report Card on members in Congress ranked Barbara Lee as the 3rd most progressive member of the House of Representatives.[44]

In 2002, Representative Barbara Lee received the Courage of Conscience Award in Boston from the Peace Abbey for her courage to stand alone and vote against the call to war after the tragedy of September 11.[45] In her speech she said, “let us not become the evil that we deplore”.[46]

In 2003, she was recognized as a Woman of Peace at the Global Exchange Human Rights Awards in San Francisco with Bianca Jagger, Arundhati Roy and Kathy Kelly.[39] In 2010, Lee took the food stamp challenge and also appeared in the documentary film Food Stamped.[39]

In 2014, she, along with Hill Harper and Meagan Good contributed to the bestselling book by Enitan Bereola II, Gentlewoman: Etiquette for a Lady, from a Gentleman.[47]

Committee assignments[edit]

Caucuses[edit]

Electoral history[edit]

In 2014, Lee received endorsements from the California Labor Federation, AFL-CIO, Feminist Majority Political Action Committee, J Street PAC, NARAL Pro-Choice America, Sierra Club, and United Auto Workers.[50]

California 13th Assembly District Democratic Primary Election, 1990
PartyCandidateVotes%
DemocraticBarbara Lee28,80973.32
DemocraticAleta Cannon7,69819.59
DemocraticAubrey LaBrie2,7877.09
Total votes39,294100.00
California 13th Assembly District Election, 1990
PartyCandidateVotes%
DemocraticBarbara Lee52,86079.44
RepublicanBarbara Thomas13,68220.56
Total votes66,542100.00
California 16th Assembly District Election, 1992
PartyCandidateVotes%
DemocraticBarbara Lee (incumbent)90,43274.49
RepublicanDavid Anderson24,32420.04
Peace and FreedomEmma Wong Mar6,6435.47
Total votes121,399100.00
California 16th Assembly District Election, 1994
PartyCandidateVotes%
DemocraticBarbara Lee (incumbent)68,19781.03
RepublicanAndre-Tanatha Ham-Lamme15,96618.97
Total votes84,163100.00
California's 9th Congressional District Democratic Primary Election, 1998
PartyCandidateVotes%
DemocraticBarbara Lee (incumbent)87,38982.21
DemocraticGreg Harper13,10312.33
DemocraticRandal Stewart5,8125.47
Total votes106,304100.00
California's 9th Congressional District Democratic Primary Election, 2002
PartyCandidateVotes%
DemocraticBarbara Lee (incumbent)68,55084.90
DemocraticKevin Greene12,25715.10
Total votes80,807100.00
California's 9th Congressional District Democratic Primary Election, 2008
PartyCandidateVotes%
DemocraticBarbara Lee (incumbent)80,466100.0
Democratic/Write-inBrad Newsham790.0
Total votes80,545100.0
California's 13th Congressional District Primary Election, 2012
PartyCandidateVotes%
DemocraticBarbara Lee (incumbent)94,70983.1
No party preferenceMarilyn Singleton13,50211.2
DemocraticJustin Jelincic5,7415.0
Total votes113,952100.0
California's 13th Congressional District Primary Election, 2014
PartyCandidateVotes%
DemocraticBarbara Lee (incumbent)77,46182.6
RepublicanDakin Sundeen9,53310.2
DemocraticJustin Jelincic4,6024.9
Peace and FreedomLawrence Allen2,1902.3
Total votes93,786100.0
California's 13th Congressional District Election, 2014
PartyCandidateVotes%
DemocraticBarbara Lee (incumbent)168,49188.5
RepublicanDakin Sundeen21,94011.5
Total votes189,981100.0
California's 13th Congressional District Primary Election, 2016
PartyCandidateVotes%
DemocraticBarbara Lee (incumbent)192,22792
RepublicanSue Caro16,8188
Total votes209,045100.0
California's 13th Congressional District Election, 2016
PartyCandidateVotes%
DemocraticBarbara Lee (incumbent)293,11790.8
RepublicanSue Caro29,7549.2
Total votes322,871100.0

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^Final Vote Results for Roll Call 342, U.S. House of Representatives. Accessed April 7, 2007.
  2. ^"Conyers Denounces Death Threats Against Rep. Barbara Lee" (Press release). Office of Representative John Conyers, Jr., United States House of Representatives. September 19, 2001. Archived from the original on March 2, 2008. Retrieved March 5, 2008. 
  3. ^"Barbara Lee". Ancestry. Retrieved October 1, 2014. 
  4. ^"Growing Interest in DNA-Based Genetic Testing Among African American with Historic Election of President Elect Barack Obama". PRWeb. November 27, 2008. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  5. ^Congresswoman Barbara Lee Ancestry Reveal on YouTube
  6. ^Interview Transcript (November 13, 2008). "Rep. Barbara Lee". The Tavis Smiley Show. Retrieved February 28, 2011. 
  7. ^Sedo GmbH. "ebdailynews.com". Ebdailynews.com. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  8. ^"PROFILE / Barbara Lee / Rep. Lee, committed to ideals, takes heat for vote against Bush". SFGate. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  9. ^"Biography: Early Years". Retrieved January 11, 2017. 
  10. ^"A Legacy of Activism: Behind Fury, Black Panthers Laid Course for Social Programs WILLIAM BRAND & CECILY BURT / Oakland Tribune 8oct2006". Mindfully.org. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  11. ^Polner, Murray (March 1, 2010) Left Behind, The American Conservative
  12. ^"Why I opposed the resolution to authorize force". SFGate. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  13. ^"Opinion, Editorials, Columns, Op-Ed, Letters to the Editor, Commentary - Wall Street Journal - Wsj.com". Opinionjournal.com. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  14. ^""Let Us Not Become the Evil We Deplore." By Amy Goodman". Democracy Now!. Retrieved August 28, 2016. 
  15. ^http://www.thedailybeast.com/house-committee-approves-repeal-of-2001-military-authorization
  16. ^"Barbara Lee makes move for Black Caucus chair". InsideBayArea.com. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  17. ^"Colby College"(PDF). Colby College. Archived from the original(PDF) on May 20, 2012. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  18. ^"FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 100". Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  19. ^"FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 455". Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  20. ^"FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 103". Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  21. ^"FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 101". Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  22. ^"FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 559". Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  23. ^"FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 265". Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  24. ^"FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 276". Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  25. ^"FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 838". Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  26. ^"FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 98". Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  27. ^"FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 193". Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  28. ^"FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 473". Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  29. ^"FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 412". Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  30. ^"FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 493". Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  31. ^"FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 494". Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  32. ^"FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 7". Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  33. ^[1]
  34. ^"FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 674". Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  35. ^"FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 681". Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  36. ^"Health care bill reignites abortion debate". SFGate. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  37. ^"Profiles of Social Workers Assisting Those in Need". Case Western Reserve University. Retrieved September 30, 2014.

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